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12 October, 2020 - 14:20 By Tony Quested

Foreign affairs chief gets Hauser’s take on safeguarding Arm in Cambridge

The UK’s Foreign Affairs Committee is looking at whether it should intervene in the potential $40 billion acquisition of Cambridge technology star Arm by US giant NVIDIA following a hard-hitting report to the PM by entrepreneur and VC Hermann Hauser.

FAC chair Tom Tugendhat asked Dr Hauser to spell out loud and clear any potential damage to Britain from the proposed deal and what he felt should be done to ensure Arm’s continued wellbeing in Cambridge.

Dr Hauser corralled more than 2,000 eminent signatories to his protest letter to Boris Johnson and has shared his answers to the FAC with Business Weekly.

He says Arm could be used as a pawn in an escalating trade war between the US and China and that decisions on its future would be taken in the White House, not Downing Street, causing huge collateral damage to UK export business.

He was asked by Mr Tugendhat about NVIDIA’s possible motives behind the acquisition and to what extent there was a risk of asset stripping by NVIDIA? Dr Hauser responded: “NVIDIA has an opportunity to become the quasi monopoly supplier of microprocessors to the world. Intel, the incumbent leader in PC and data centre microprocessors, is stumbling having missed the 10nm semiconductor node. 

“This opens up an opportunity for NVIDIA to use 10nm, 7nm, and 5nm designs based on Arm to overtake Intel and beat them at their own game. Arm has a 95 per cent market share of processors in the mobile phone market and Apple has just adopted the Arm processor instead of the Intel architecture for their iMacs which is proof that Arm architecture can also gain market share in the PC space. 

“The real prize, however, is the server market which is the most lucrative market segment for Intel and Arm, because of its lower power consumption, is beginning to challenge Intel in this segment as well. 

“This will give NVIDIA a dominant position in all processor segments and create another US technology monopoly which has created so much angst in Britain when the country worries about the surreptitiously controlling  influence Google, Facebook, Netflix and Amazon have on the UK economy.

“But there is also a more negative motivation in this acquisition which is to deny many of NVIDIA’s competitors among the 500+ licensees of Arm access to the latest version of the Arm designs.

“It is extremely unlikely that NVIDIA will allow Arm to produce a design for the server market to attack Intel in its last remaining stronghold and then licence it to all their competitors. It just does not make business sense and that is why so many of the licensees are against the deal.

“NVIDIA’s objective is to destroy the existing even-handed license business of Arm to get an unfair preferential access to Arm technology and hurt their competitors, including UK companies at the same time. As NVIDIA is the world’s most valuable semiconductor company it has the firepower to do so.”

Mr Tugendhat also asked whether there was any case for Government intervention in this transaction on national security grounds.

Dr Hauser replied: “Technology sovereignty is fast becoming the defining issue of the decade. Countries used to perceive sovereignty mainly in terms of defending its borders. 

“Given the importance of our IT infrastructure which is correctly compared with our water and electricity infrastructure, it clearly relates to national security as well as the basic functioning of our society. Microprocessors are clearly a key component of our IT infrastructure. I believe every country has to ask itself three questions when it comes to technology sovereignty.

“Do we have the critical technology in our nation? If not, do we have several suppliers from different stable reliable countries?

“If still not, do we have unfettered guaranteed long-term (at least five years) access to monopoly or oligopoly suppliers from a single country (often US or China)?

“If the answer to all three of them is NO, we have to act and do whatever it takes until the answer to one of them is YES. If we do not then we must be comfortable with the fact that we become dependent on another nation, however friendly at present, who can determine whether we have the right to use our own IT infrastructure or not. Would we allow this to happen to our water or electricity infrastructure? Probably not.

“Sadly, the NVIDIA take-over of Arm would mean that the answer to all three questions would be NO.”

Mr Tugendhat then asked whether the acquisition risked limiting the UK’s access to the technologies produced by Arm or Arm’s IP or R & D capability? 

Dr Hauser was emphatic in his response: “YES, because of US export regulations. This would mean that the decision whom Arm is allowed to sell to – including UK companies – will be made in the White House and not in Downing Street. 

“NVIDIA has argued, incorrectly, that because Arm’s IP originates in the UK it is still under UK control. As the stated intention of NVIDIA is to include some of their GPU IP into the licensing offering of Arm this will soon no longer be true and it would be naïve to assume that NVIDIA will not want to contribute to the Arm architecture with its Silicon Valley R & D capability unless again they give legally binding undertakings to the contrary. 

“This would contaminate the Arm IP to the extent that it would fully fall under the US export regulation.”

The FAC chair wanted to know the possible implications of the deal for the UK’s economic and technological sovereignty?

Dr Hauser said there were severe implications: “Not only do we lose one of the few remaining weapons at our disposal in global trade negotiations, but we are handing it to one of the two adversaries in the US–China trade war with the realistic consequence that Britain becomes collateral damage in this war.

“Rather than taking the opportunity to be an honest go-between in the China-US conflict we become a trade weapon ourselves, with Downing Street playing a spectator role rather than a mediator.”

Asked about he implications of the proposed acquisition for the UK’s position within the global semiconductor industry, Dr Hauser said: “The UK enjoys an unusual position with Arm as the Switzerland of the semiconductor industry.
“There is not a single important semiconductor company in this world which does not have an Arm licence. This is a very powerful position to be in. 

“Until the US began using technology access as a weapon, we never realised how powerful this could be as it never occurred to us to use technology in this way.

“However, this is the new political and economic reality and we have to accept these new rules. So let us not surrender one of the few assets we still have.”

Mr Tugendhat asked what conditions the UK Government should place on the deal and assurances it should seek to ensure the acquisition would not undermine the UK’s sovereignty or security interests.
Dr Hauser reiterated his call, printed here previously, that there should be legally binding undertakings :- 

  • To secure and expand Arm jobs in the UK 
  • To retain the even-handed Arm licensing model without giving NVIDIA preferential treatment 
  • To ensure Arm IP would not be contaminated with US IP to the extent that it falls under US export regulations.

Asked what impact the acquisition might have on any future escalation of US-China tensions on the future of Arm, Dr Hauser said the Cambridge company would become a valuable pawn in the war.

Dr Hauser concluded: “I have no shares or other interest in Arm as I had to sell them all to SoftBank. I can therefore freely speak my mind. Arm employees will receive $1.5bn in shares as part of this transaction so it is difficult for them to speak theirs.

“The obvious and highly desirable alternative to the NVIDIA deal is for the Government to use its convening power to lead a syndicate of Arm licensees, UK pension funds and other institutions to take Arm public on the LSE plus either the NYSE or Shanghai Star market and take a golden share so that we are never again in this invidious situation of having to fight to keep our own UK technology assets.”

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